"Mother Earth is not a resource but, rather, the source of life itself."

Chief Arvol Looking Horse, 19th generation Keeper of the White Buffalo Calf Bundle


El Nuevo Dia Interactivo
Local Fight To Reclaim Land Won't Stop When Bombs Do

Vieques Libre
Música Para Un Vieques Libre

Vieques: The Struggle Past, Present
Military Commercial Center
For the Future of Vieques Look to Hawaii

El Despotismo De La Marina Yanqui En Puerto Rico
The Despotism Of The Yankee Navy In Puerto Rico

Brief History Of Vieques
Simón Bolívar en Vieques - 1816
The Consequences Of The U.S. Navy Occupation

UN Demonstration - August 25, 2001
NYC Vieques Alliance March October 21, 2000 Fotos
Todo Nueva York Con Vieques Dia De Reyes 1999 Fotos

In Memoriam: Doña Adelfa Vera

Women Of Vieques

Visit To A Small Island
Independencia.Net (PIP)
Vieques Humane Society
American Friends Service Committee

Enchanted Isle - Fotos
Vieques Tourism - Fotos
Bioluminescent Bay - Fotos
Vieques Information Portal - Fotos
Vieques Island Photo Gallery - Fotos
The Eastern Islands - Fotos
Flamingo Travel Group - Fotos

Click Foto To Zoom In

Brief History Of Vieques
by Wanda Bermúdez

The name Vieques, comes from the Taino word Bieque, small island. The little we know about the pre-Columbian inhabitants is derived from archaeological findings. The most important to date is the one at La Hueca where artifacts made in amethyst, agate, turquoise and jadeite were found. The most remarkable were shaped like South American condors. The Indians inhabiting the Island when Columbus arrived in 1493 were Tainos. Two brother Caciques in Vieques, Cacimar and Yaureibo, lead separate revolts against the Spaniards. They were soon defeated and killed. What was left of the Indian population was reduced to slavery and taken to Puerto Rico.

Vieques Indian Condor

Once the Indians were expelled from the Island, a succession of attempted colonizations by the English, French and Danish failed. The Puerto Rico Spaniards drove them out every time. In some old English maps Vieques is named Crab Island. In between the attempted colonizations, the Island was used by pirates to re-supply their ships. There was abundant shellfish, fish, birds, and timber. The Spaniards finally decided to colonize Vieques during the first half of the 19th century. In 1843 the municipality was established and construction of the Fort was begun. The first governor was Don Teofilo Jaime Maria LeGuillou, a Frenchman. At the time Vieques was independent from Puerto Rico. During the second half of the 19th century, Vieques saw a great economic boom driven by the sugar industry. Black slaves were brought in from nearby British islands. Several Centrales (mills) were in operation. Their names were eventually adopted for the barrios: Playa Grande, Santa Maria, Puerto Real, Esperanza. By the time the USA took over the island in 1898, after the Hispanic American War, there were four big Centrales. Sugar milling made a few families rich while most of the population worked on the fields. The workers were very impoverished and worked under very harsh conditions. After the general strike of 1915, working conditions improved greatly.

U.S. Navy Arrives

When the Navy arrived in 1941, there were 10,362 inhabitants in Vieques and 8,000 tons of sugar were produced that year. The Navy expropriated two thirds of the total land, including most of the land used for farming. La Central Playa Grande did the last milling in 1942. During the first couple of years after the Navy arrived, there were plenty of jobs in Vieques in the construction of the bases. People came from Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands to work in Vieques. When construction was over the workers left. When the dust had settled, 3,000 of the 9,000 inhabitants of Vieques had been relocated to St. Croix. The rest were settled in the areas of Santa Maria and Monte Santo in Vieques. There was no sugar and no base construction left to do.

The government of Puerto Rico tried, between 1945 and the 1960's, to re-establish an agricultural economy in what was left of the civilian section of Vieques but failed. Between 1960 and 1970 the economy shifted from agriculture to manufacture, being the General Electric plant the most consistent source of employment. The plant was established in 1969 and is still in operation.

The population in Vieques has not changed much through the decades and still remains close to 10,000. Unemployment runs high. College bound kids seldom come back to live in Vieques but you can usually find them visiting the Island around summer. At the present time there is some development of the tourism industry. There are more small hotels and restaurants in Vieques than ever before. There is even a mega resort under construction. Many residents make a living out of renting their properties to tourists. This new industry has brought along a new influx of residents from the continental USA. Development of any kind will be limited as long as the Navy keeps control of two thirds of the total Island. Some people like it this way so that the natural beauty of some beaches in the military side is preserved. Other people protest the bombing of the beaches beyond tourist's reach, the consequences to the ecology and the health of the population, the destruction of archaeological sites, and restricted access to the beautiful resources on the bases.


Vieques En La Historia De Puerto Rico
By Dr. Juan Amedee Bonnet Benitez

Vieques: History Of A Small Island
By Elizabeth Langhorne

Vieques Antiguo Y Moderno
By J. Pastor Ruiz

Vieques: Five Centuries Of Struggle And Resistance / Cinco Siglos De Lucha De Un Pueblo Puertorriqueño
By Robert Rabin, Vieques Historical Archives

Vieques: An Ecology Under Siege / Vieques: Ecologia Asediada
By Robert Rabin
Vieques Historical Archives

Ni Una Bomba Mas! Vieques vs. U.S. Navy

Copyright © 1999 ORLANDO SENTINEL

There has been a history of conflict since the Navy first arrived on Vieques during World War II. The island, a key strategic place in the United States' sphere of influence in the Caribbean, has served as training grounds for air, amphibious and ground assault maneuvers used by U.S. and foreign troops.


U. S. Navy launches its first military maneuvers in Vieques and Culebra.


The Navy spends $35 million to build the base and training grounds in Vieques, expropriating three-fourths of the 52-square-mile island, forcing about half the population to move. The land taken by the Navy included the island's best beaches and land used in Vieques' once-thriving sugar cane and agricultural industry.

The US Navy begins the expropriation of 26,000 of the 33,000 acres of the island of Vieques. After years of protests by workers in Vieques, the Department of the Interior issues a memorandum describing a plan to move the island's entire population to St. Croix so all of Vieques could be used as a military base.


Work for civilians in the construction of the base ends. Demonstrations in Vieques due to the lack of work on the island.


April 4th - Two Marines beat an old man, Mapepe Christian, to death.


February 8th - US Soldiers severely injured 19 people at a birthday party.


President Kennedy and the Department of Defense draw up a plan to eliminate the municipality of Vieques so the entire island could be handed over to the Navy. The plan was called off after protests, backed by the local government. The Pentagon proposes to relocate the people of Vieques to turn the island over to the armed forces. This plan even included the removal of the corpses in the municipal cemetery. This proposal was carried out.


The US Navy tries to take over the whole southern coast of Vieques, including the vicinities of Esperanza and Puerto Real. The people of Vieques organize a militant campaign to halt the process.

 1970 - 1973 

Anti-military movement erupts on neighboring Puerto Rican Island of Culebra, culminating in the eviction of the US Navy from Culebra and the transfer of bombing. Intensification of maneuvers in Vieques.


Twelve people, including Puerto Rican Independence Party President Ruben Berrios, are arrested after entering Navy grounds on the neighboring island-municipality of Culebra in a act of civil disobedience aimed at getting the Navy out of that island. Two were sentenced in federal court to six months in jail, serving 31/2 months. Outrage over the arrests led to the Puerto Rico government getting involved and getting the Navy to leave Culebra in 1975.


Local leaders of the four political parties oppose unanimously the aviation easement proposed by the Navy.


On February 6th, Vieques fishermen protest the use of live ammunitions in their fishing waters by taking over the waters where target practice was about to begin. They were successful in stopping the maneuvers and awakening the support of the entire Puerto Rican nation.


21 people arrested by military police during an ecumenical mass in a protest held at a beach in the military zone. One of them, Angel Rodríguez Cristóbal, was found dead in his Tallahassee jail cell. His death was never cleared.


A congressional probe of the Navy's actions in Vieques concludes the Navy should leave the island and seek another place for its bombing practices and military exercises.


Gov. Carlos Romero Barcelo settles a lawsuit and signs an agreement with the Navy in exchange for pledges from the Navy to protect the environment and help in the island's economic development.


Organized land recovery of 800 acres of military land in Monte Carmelo.


Navy jets dropped 40,000 pounds of live explosives on Vieques, including live Napalm.


A Navy pilot flying an F/A-18 Hornet jet drops five 5500-pound bombs a mile away from the Vieques town of Isabel Segunda, 10 miles off his target on the extreme east of the island. Four exploded and the fifth was never found.


Navy proposes the installation of a ROTHR radar on Vieques, part of which would be located on the western part of the island.


Some 60,000 people march in San Juan protesting the Navy's plan to install a radar transmitter in Vieques with a receptor in Lajas in the southwest of the main island of Puerto Rico.


Several bombs dropped near a group of fishermen in the southern coast. One of the
fishermen, René Hernández, was hospitalized with serious injures.


Four Dutch and Belgian warships dock in the public beach of Sun Bay on Mother's Day. Dozens of fishermen drove them out after a two-hour struggle where the sailors threw metal objects and sprayed pressure hoses on the small fishing boats. Five hundred people rally in Vieques against ROTHR, the largest anti-military demonstration in twenty years. Fishermen confront warships on Mother’s Day.



The US Navy reports that 263 bullets containing depleted uranium were fired by accident on the eastern part of the island.

Two F-18 airplanes drop two 500 pound bombs outside their target area, missing their target by three miles, killing David Sanes, a Vieques civilian, and injuring four others.

A group of 15 boats visit the bombing site, named Mount David, and place a large cross in memory of David Sanes. Afterwards, several camps of civil disobedience are enclaved inside the US Navy zone, including Mount David, Cayo Yayí, Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño, Congreso Nacional Hostosiano and Central Puertorriqueña de Trabajadores.

President Clinton orders Defense Secretary William Cohen to "establish a panel to review the need for operations at Vieques and to explore alternative sites or methods that would meet the Department's needs. "

Around 50,000 march to Roosevelt Roads Base in Ceiba to demand that the US Navy leaves Vieques.


The United Nations Decolonization Committee encourages the government of the United States, in accordance with the need to guarantee the Puerto Rican people their legitimate right to self-determination and the protection of their human rights, to order the halt of its armed forces military drills and maneuvers on Vieques.

The Consequences Of The U.S. Military Occupation

Vieques is one of the 78 municipalities that make up the island of Puerto Rico.  It is an island situated east of Fajardo ( 90 minute ferry ride ).  It is 21 miles long by 4 miles wide; 33 thousand acres of land.  The U.S. Navy controls the east and west end of the island ( 27 thousand acres ) leaving only 6 thousand acres for the island's 10,000 inhabitants. 
For forty years the Viequenses  have been living like prisoners of war, confined to  the middle of their island, surrounded by U.S. troops.  They are submitted to all types of military maneuvers and restrictions 200 days a year, including aerial bombings, target practice, naval assaults, invasions from sea, land and air, all using live ammunition.

Sixty percent ( 60% ) unemployment.  The U.S. Navy employs less than 100 people.
Seventy-five percent of the land is restricted for military use making it impossible to attract tourism, hotels, factories and other commercial enterprises.  Farming and fishing are also restricted.

The entire island is contaminated.  The amount of bombs, shells, etc. exploded on the island is unimaginable.  The incidence of cancer in Vieques is higher than any other place in Puerto Rico.  Medical Emergency Services on the island are almost nonexistent.

Thousands of Coconut Palm groves have been destroyed by gunfire and projectiles.
The east end of the island is almost totally destroyed by the bombing.  The air is contaminated and fishing has diminished.  When Navy ships are bombing, the entire island shakes and the noise is unbearable.  It affects the entire population.

Thousands of Viequenses have abandoned their homes on the island without hope of returning.  With so little land available and so many restrictions it is very difficult, almost impossible, for the population to grow.

El Despotismo De La Marina Yanqui En Puerto Rico
The Despotism Of The Yankee Navy In Puerto Rico
(Scroll down for English version)

Escrito en el año 1945 por
Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos

En Vieques, isla del archipielago Puertorriqueño, lleva a cabo el gobierno de los Estados Unidos la vivisección de nuestra nación. La sociedad de Vieques va muriendo, extinguiéndose ante el ataque frio, deliberado e intencionado del gobierno de los Estados Unidos. ¿ Por qué los Estados Unidos han escogido a Vieques para repetir a plena luz de la civilización contemporánea el crimen de genocidio, o sea, la destrucción deliberada fisica o cultural de una nacionalidad?

La explicación la encontramos en la vistas públicas que sobre el proyecto Tydings llevó a cabo el Comité de Territorios y Asuntos Insulares del Senado de los Estados Unidos, en el mes de marzo de 1945.

Ante ese comité compareció el Capitan G.D. Parks, de Flota de los Estados Unidos, en nombre y representación del jefe de Operaciones Navales. Pasamos a traducir del inglés la declaración de dicho oficial Parks, segun consta en las páginas 29 y 30 del expediente publicado por el propio Senado de los Estados Unidos.

Declaración del Capitan G.D. Parks, Flota de los Estados Unidos, Despacho del Jefe de Operaciones Naval, Departamento de Marina:

El Capitan Parks, "Primero deseo declarar que la politica del Departamento de Marina hacia el proyecto S 227 no ha sido analizada todavia por el negociado de presupuestos. Por tanto, estoy expresando los puntos de vista del Jefe de Operaciones Naval solamente. Nuestros puntos de vista en este momento son los mismos que fueron expresados por el Departamento de Marina en mayo de 1943 ante este Comité cuando se celebraron vistas públicas sobre el proyecto del Senado S 952, del Congreso 78.

El interés del Jefe de Operaciones Navales en este proyecto para conceder la independencia a Puerto Rico, emana solamente del punto de vista de seguridad nacional. Debido a su posición y tamaño, Puerto Rico es de gran valor estratégico como punto de base de operaciones navales. En los primeros días de la presente guerra, la Marina llevó a cabo la expansión de sus tenencias
en Puerto Rico y construyó muchas facilidades nuevas. Cuando se logró dominar el peligro submarino y bloquear la seguridad de la flota de superficie alemana, se paró la construcción de muchos proyectos que habían sido aprobados para esta zona. En tiempos de paz las facilidades terminadas serán usadas para mantener y sostener la instrucción de la fuerza designada
que se establecerá en el Caribe. En las futuras guerras, deseamos estar en condiciones de extender esas facilidades navales en Puerto Rico lo suficiente para proveer el apoyo necesario a una flota tan grande como sea necesaria, que sirva de barrera al acercamiento de cualquier amenaza que venga del sur o del este.

La cantidad de expansión deseada dependerá del tipo y tamaño de la amenaza a la cual haya que confrontarse. La cantidad y tipo de facilidades que la Marina pueda necesitar en Puerto Rico en el futuro NO puede ser prevista por ahora.

Por esa razón el Jefe de Operaciones Navales SEOPONE a todo proyecto de independencia para Puerto Rico que disponga solamente la retención de reservas navales, militares y aéreas y la selección de nuevos lugares en cualquier tiempo en el futuro, si son necesarios a la seguridad nacional.
Los Estados Unidos tienen que ser los unicos jueces de sus propios requisitos militares futuros en esta zona."

El Presidente del Comité: "Si, yo lo entiendo así, su preocupación es esencialmente de defensa nacional."

El Capitán Parks: "Por completo, señor".

El Presidente: "Y en ningún sentido envuelve los méritos o desmeritos a la independencia para Puerto Rico."

El Capitán Parks: "Asi es, señor."

El Presidente: "Por tanto, lo que usted quiere es, no sólo el derecho a todas las bases navales y aéreas que usted pueda necesitar, sino tambien, en caso de emergencia o guerra futura, el derecho en el interés, tanto de Puerto Rico como de Estados Unidos, de adquirir tales lugares adicionales que se puedan pára proteger adecuadamente a Puerto Rico como a los Estados Unidos."

El Capitán Parks: "Asi es, señor."

El Presidente: "Y si eso se pone en el proyecto de ley, ¿Ud. No tendria nada que decir a favor o en contra del mismo?"

El Capitán Parks: "Si, señor. Lo deseamos en la forma que nosotros seamos los jueces de nuestras propias necesidades."

El Presidente: "Muchas gracias, Capitán."

El Capitán Parks, en representación de la Marina de los Estados Unidos corrigió al Presidente del Comité cuando este quiso dar a entender que la expansión de facilidades aéreas, navales y militares en Puerto Rico en poder de los Estados Unidos, podría ser en beneficio tanto de Puerto Rico como de los Estados Unidos. El Capitán Parks, con honradez meridiana, repitió que "los Estados Unidos han de ser los únicos jueces de sus futuras necesidades militares en esta zona".

Todo el territorio nacional de Puerto Rico ha sido declarado zona estratégica por los Estados Unidos en la forma terminante y clara que ha expresado el representante de la Marina de Guerra de los Estados Unidos. Eso quiere decir, que si a juicio de los Estados Unidos hay que destruir cualquier municipio de Puerto Rico y lanzar su población a las viscisitudes del destierro forzoso, o si hay que desterrar a todos los puertorriqueños por la fuerza, eliminando de nuestro territorio nacional a nuestra nacionalidad, se hará siendo ellos en esta cuestión "el único juez" y sin contar para nada con el derecho de la nación puertorriqueña.

Esta declaración de un despotismo tan brutal, parece no haber sido estudiada en todas sus consecuencias e invitamos a todos los puertorriqueños a estudiar esta declaración que hemos reproducido al pie de la letra para que se apresten a defender su existencia fisica como nación y como individuos.

Ya hernos visto las reservas militares, navales y aéreas en el mismo centro de Puerto Rico: en Cayey, en Punta Borinquen, en San Juan, Fajardo, Ensenada Honda, Culebras, Vieques y en otros puntos de Puerto Rico.

En cualquier momento en que los Estados Unidos crean que es necesario desterrar entera la población de San Juan, de Ponce, de Mayagüez, o de cualquier otra ciudad de Puerto Rico o a todos los puertorriqueños de todo el suelo nacional puertorriqueño, se creen con derecho a hacerlo. Y esto no es una cuestión teórica, sino que aqui están ya establecidas esas bases militares, navales y aéreas en todo el territorio nacional, desde la Isla de Mona a Vieques y desde San Juan a Ponce, de norte a sur y de este a oeste.

El gobierno que existirá en cada una de esas bases será el del negociado correspondiente a los Estados Unidos. Si son aéreas caerán bajo la jurisdicción del Secretario de Aviación; si son navales, del Secretario de Marina; si militares, del Secretario de la Guerra, bajo la dirección
conjunta general del Secretario de Defensa de los Estados Unidos. Dentro de esas zonas no podrá entrar nadie. Esta mutilación de la nacionalidad puertorriqueña se está llevando a cabo fría, sistemáticamente, con miras a exponernos a una total destrucción y a privarnos del ejercicio de nuestro derecho en nuestro propio territorio nacional.

El senador Butler, del Congreso de los Estados Unidos, ha volado sobre Vieques últimamente, con jefes navales y militares de Estados Unidos y parece que, algo sobrecogido por el crimen que Estados Unidos está perpretando en Vieques al destruir esa sociedad deliberadamente, tuvo que
declarar que no sabía que era lo que iba a suceder en Vieques.

La población entera ha sido arrancada de sus hogares por la fuerza y aglomerada sobre la ciudad de Isabel Segunda, donde tednrán asiento transitorio. Los planes de los Estados Unidos son desterrar toda esa población por la fuerza y traer allí personal militar, naval y aéreo que
pase por la fluoroscopía del servicio de espionaje de Estados Unidos. La fuerza ocupante hoy de Vieques es yanqui, aunque hay allí personas nacidas en Puerto Rico, pero no prestan confianza suficiente para lo que se está tratando de hacer.

Culebra, Las Cabezas de Fajardo, Ensenada Honda y Vieques, constituyen ya un círculo cerrado para los puertorriqueños bajo la ocupación directa de la infantería de marina de los Estados Unidos, integrada por infantes nacidos en Estados Unidos. El tránsito marítimo entre Ensenada Honda (Puerto Rico) y Punta Arenas en Vieques, ha sido prohibido. Para que una embarcación pueda pasar por allí, requiere un permiso especial. La distancia entre Ensenada Honda y Punta Arenas, en Vieques, es la distancia más corta entre Puerto Rico y Vieques. Pues nada, eso está cerrada a todo movimiento marítimo y todo bajo un secreto terrible para nosotros, los puertorriqueños. Y es en ese secreto donde está la destrucción de Puerto Rico. El gobernador está cumpliendo con su deber de norteamericano imperialista, de procónsul representante de su gobierno, que es el de Estados Unidos, de llevar a cabo la demolición de la sociedad de Vieques, e implícitamente, la destrucción de nuestra nacionalidad.

The Despotism Of The Yankee Navy In Puerto Rico

Written in 1945 by
Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos

In Vieques, island of the Puerto Rican archipelago, the United States government is carrying out the dismemberment of our nation. Vieques society is dying as it is being exterminated in a cold-blooded, deliberate and calculated manner by the government of the United States. Why has the United States chosen Vieques to repeat for all contemporary civilization to see the crime of genocide, that is to say, the deliberate physical or cultural destruction of a nationality?

We can find the explanation in the public hearings on the Tydings Bill that were carried out by the Committee for Management of the Territories and Insular Affairs of the United States Senate, during the month of March of 1945.

Captain G.D. Parks of the U.S. Fleet testified before this committee, on behalf of and representing the Chief of U.S. Navy Operations. We proceed now to translate from English the statements made by said official Parks, as it appears in page 29 and 30 of the file published by the U.S. Senate itself.

The Statement of Captain G.D. Parks, U.S. Fleet, Designee of the Chief of Naval Operations, Department of the Navy.

Captain Parks: "First, I would like to say that the policy of the Navy Department regarding Project S 227 has not been analyzed yet by the Budget Office. Therefore, I am only expressing the point of view of the Chief of Naval Operations. Our points of view at this moment are the same as those expressed before this committee by the Department of the Navy in May of 1943, when public
hearings were held about Senate Project S 952, of the 78th Congress.

The interest of the Chief of Naval Operations in this project to grant independence to Puerto Rico, stems only from the point of view of national security. Given its size and location, Puerto Rico is of great strategic value as a base of Navy operations. In the first days of the current war the Navy carried out expansion of its operations in Puerto Rico and built many new facilities. When the submarine threat was eliminated and we were able to breach the security of the German surface fleet, construction on many of the projects which had been approved for this zone, was stopped.

In times of peace those facilities which have been completed will be used to maintain and support the training of the forces which have been designated to be established in the Caribbean. In future wars, we want to be ready to expand these naval facilities in Puerto Rico to the point that is needed to provide necessary support to a fleet as large as is needed, that will serve as a barrier to the approximation of any threat that comes from the South or the East. The amount of expansion needed will depend on the type and size of the threat that has to be confronted. The number and kind of facilities that the Navy may need in Puerto Rico in the future, CAN NOT be foreseen at this time.

For this reason the Chief of Naval Operations IS OPPOSED to any project that calls for the independence of Puerto Rico that proposes only maintaining naval, military or air reserves in Puerto Rico without, at the same time, asserting the right to expansion of its naval, military, and air facilities and the selection of new sites at any time in the future, if these are
necessary for national security. The United States must be the only judges of its own future military requirements in this zone."

The President of the Committee: "Yes, I understand that as such, your concern is essentially that of the national defense."

Captain Parks: "Completely, Sir."

The President: "Therefore, what you want is, not only the right to all the naval, military and air bases that you need, but also in the case of an emergency of future war, the right in the interests of both Puerto Rico and the United States, to acquire those additional sites/places that you can in order to adequately protect Puerto Rico and the United States."

Captain Parks: "Exactly, Sir."

The President: "And if this is put in this project of law, you would not have anything to say in favor or against it?"

Captain Parks: "Yes, Sir. We want to see it in this project in a way that we are the judges of our own needs."

The President: "Thank you very much Captain."

Captain Parks, as the representative of the U.S. Navy, corrected the President of this Committee when he (the president) tried to put forth the understanding that the expansion of naval, military and air facilities in Puerto Rico under the control of the United States, could be to
the benefit of both Puerto Rico and the United States. Captain Parks, boldly repeated that "The United States will be the only judges of its future military needs in this zone."

All of the Puerto Rican national territory has been declared a strategic zone by the United States in the final and clear way that it was expressed by the representative of the Navy of the United States. This means, that if in the judgment of the United States any municipality of Puerto Rico has to be destroyed and its population subjected to forced relocation, or if
Puerto Ricans have to be forcibly removed from their land, eliminating from our national territory our nationality, then it will be done, they being on this matter "the only judge" and without taking into account at all the rights of the Puerto Rican nation.

It seems that this declaration of such brutal despotism has not been studied in all its ramifications and we invite all Puerto Ricans to study this declaration which we have hear reproduced word for word so that they begin to defend our physical existence as a nation and as individuals.

We have already seen the military, naval and air reserves, in the very heart of Puerto Rico: In Cayey, in Punta Borinquen, in San Juan, Fajardo, Ensenada Honda, Culebras, Vieques and other parts of Puerto Rico.

At any time that the United States believes that it is necessary to remove the entire population of San Juan, of Ponce, of Mayaguez, or from any other city of Puerto Rico or to remove all Puerto Ricans from all Puerto Rican national soil, they believe they have every right to do so. And this is not a theoretical question, but rather that they have already established their military, naval and air bases here and in all our national territory, from Isla Mona to Vieques and from San Juan to Ponce, from the north to the south and from the east to the west.

The government that will exist in each of these bases will be that of the corresponding entity of the United States. If they are air forces they will fall under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Air Force, if they are naval, of the Secretary of the Navy, if military, of the Secretary of War, under the overall general command of the Secretary of Defense of the United States. No one will be able to enter these areas. This mutilation/dismemberment of the Puerto Rican nationality is being carried out in a cold systematic way with the aim of subjecting us to total destruction and to deprive us of the exercise of our rights in our own national territory.

Senator Butler of the United States Congress, has flown over Vieques recently with the naval and military chiefs of the United States and it seems that he is somewhat taken aback by the crime that the United States is perpetrating in Vieques by deliberately destroying the society in Vieques, to the point that he had to state that he did not know what would happen with Vieques.

The entire population (of Vieques) has been uprooted from their homes by forced and corralled/rounded up in the City of Isabel Segunda, where they will have temporary quarters. The plans of the United States are to forcibly remove the entire population and replace it with military, naval and airforce personnel that will filter the spy service of the United States.
The occupying force that is today in Vieques is Yanqui, even though there are people there born in Puerto Rico, but these do not have sufficient trust for what is being tried to be done.

Culebra, Las Cabezas de Fajardo, Ensenada Honda and Vieques already constitute a closed circle for Puerto Ricans under the direct occupation of the infantry of the Navy of the United States. Maritime traffic between Ensenada Honda (Puerto Rico) and Punta Arenas in Vieques, has been
prohibited. In order for a ship to pass through there, a special permit is required. The distance between Ensenada Honda and Punta Arenas, in Vieques, is the shortest distance between Puerto Rico and Vieques.

The reality is that this area is closed off to all maritime movement and to contain a terrible secret from all of us, the Puerto Ricans. And it is in this secret where the destruction of Puerto Rico lies. The governor is carrying out his duties as a North American imperialist, as a proconsul representative of his government, the government of the United States, carrying out the demolition of Vieques society, and implicitly the destruction of our nationality.


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